Kidney failure is irreversible, but early detection and treatment can prevent further progression of kidney damage. When kidneys lose their ability to fully function, waste builds up in the body and can cause harmful effects. Blood pressure may rise and your body may retain excess fluid and not create a sufficient amount of red blood cells. When this happens, and kidneys have a functioning level less than 15%, treatment becomes essential to replicate the functions of your kidneys.
There are several reasons that kidneys fail to perform their important work in our bodies.
- Vascular (blood vessel) damage resulting from uncontrolled blood glucose levels
- Vascular damage to kidneys from high blood pressure
- Inflammation of the glomeruli, the small blood vessels in the kidneys
- Polycystic kidney disease
- A genetic disorder causing cysts, or fluid-filled pouches, to form in the kidneys
- Urinary tract infection that has reached the pyelum (pelvis) of the kidney
- Antibiotics, anti-hypertensives and anti-inflammatory drugs can severely damage the kidneys